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Web UI

Overview

The "Web UI" is a web application that helps you manage your BunkerWeb instance using a user-friendly interface instead of the command-line one.

Features

  • Start, stop, restart and reload your BunkerWeb instance
  • Add, edit and delete settings for your web applications
  • Add, edit and delete custom configurations for NGINX and ModSecurity
  • Install and uninstall external plugins
  • Explore the cached files
  • Monitor jobs execution
  • View the logs and search pattern

Prerequisites

Because the web UI is a web application, the recommended installation procedure is to use BunkerWeb in front of it as a reverse proxy.

Security considerations

The security of the web UI is really important. If someone manages to gain access to the application, not only he will be able to edit your configurations but he could execute some code in the context of BunkerWeb (with a custom configuration containing LUA code for example). We highly recommend you to follow minimal security best practices like :

  • Choose a strong password for the login (at least 8 chars with 1 lower case letter, 1 upper case letter, 1 digit and 1 special char is required)
  • Put the web UI under a "hard to guess" URI
  • Do not open the web UI on the Internet without any further restrictions
  • Apply settings listed in the security tuning section of the documentation

Multisite mode

The usage of the web UI implies enabling the multisite mode.

Setup wizard

Wizard

The setup wizard is a feature that helps you to configure and install the web UI using a user-friendly interface. You will need to set the UI_HOST setting (http://hostname-of-web-ui:7000) and browse the /setup URI of your server to access the setup wizard.

Overview

Account section of the setup wizard

Choose your administrator username and password. Please note that password must have at least 8 chars with 1 lower case letter, 1 upper case letter, 1 digit and 1 special char.

Overview

Settings section of the setup wizard

Configure the following settings :

  • UI Host : internal http endpoint of your web UI
  • UI URL : the public path where your web UI will be accessible
  • Server name : the public server name where your web UI will be accessible
  • Auto let's encrypt : enable/disable HTTPS using automated let's encrypt

Please note that your server name must have a valid DNS entry pointing to your BunkerWeb instance (or load balancer if you use Swarm/Kubernetes). You can check the DNS validity by clicking the Check button.

Review your final BunkerWeb UI URL and then click on the Setup button. Once the setup is finished, you will be redirected to your web UI login page.

If you want to use the setup wizard, you will need to set the UI_HOST setting to the HTTP endpoint of your web UI container. For example, if your web UI container is named bw-ui and is listening on the 7000 port, you will need to set the UI_HOST setting to http://bw-ui:7000.

Accessing the setup wizard

You can access the setup wizard by browsing the http://your-ip-address/setup URI of your server.

Here is the docker-compose boilerplate that you can use (don't forget to edit the changeme data) :

version: "3.5"

services:
  bunkerweb:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb:1.5.7
    ports:
      - 80:8080
      - 443:8443
    labels:
      - "bunkerweb.INSTANCE=yes"
    environment:
      - SERVER_NAME=
      - MULTISITE=yes
      - API_WHITELIST_IP=127.0.0.0/8 10.20.30.0/24
      - UI_HOST=http://bw-ui:7000 # Change it if needed
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-services

  bw-scheduler:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-scheduler:1.5.7
    depends_on:
      - bunkerweb
      - bw-docker
    environment:
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-docker:
    image: tecnativa/docker-socket-proxy:nightly
    volumes:
      - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock:ro
    environment:
      - CONTAINERS=1
      - LOG_LEVEL=warning
    networks:
      - bw-docker

  bw-ui:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui:1.5.7
    depends_on:
      - bw-docker
    environment:
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-db:
    image: mariadb:10.10
    environment:
      - MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=yes
      - MYSQL_DATABASE=db
      - MYSQL_USER=bunkerweb
      - MYSQL_PASSWORD=changeme # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
    volumes:
      - bw-data:/var/lib/mysql
    networks:
      - bw-docker

volumes:
  bw-data:

networks:
  bw-universe:
    name: bw-universe
    ipam:
      driver: default
      config:
        - subnet: 10.20.30.0/24
  bw-services:
    name: bw-services
  bw-docker:
    name: bw-docker

If you want to use the setup wizard, you will need to set the UI_HOST setting to the HTTP endpoint of your web UI container. For example, if your web UI container is named bw-ui and is listening on the 7000 port, you will need to set the UI_HOST setting to http://bw-ui:7000.

Accessing the setup wizard

You can access the setup wizard by browsing the http://your-ip-address/setup URI of your server.

Here is the docker-compose boilerplate that you can use (don't forget to edit the changeme data) :

version: "3.5"

services:
  bunkerweb:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb:1.5.7
    ports:
      - 80:8080
      - 443:8443
    labels:
      - "bunkerweb.INSTANCE=yes"
    environment:
      - SERVER_NAME=
      - AUTOCONF_MODE=yes
      - MULTISITE=yes
      - API_WHITELIST_IP=127.0.0.0/8 10.20.30.0/24
      - UI_HOST=http://bw-ui:7000 # Change it if needed
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-services

  bw-autoconf:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-autoconf:1.5.7
    depends_on:
      - bunkerweb
      - bw-docker
    environment:
      - AUTOCONF_MODE=yes
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-scheduler:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-scheduler:1.5.7
    depends_on:
      - bunkerweb
      - bw-docker
    environment:
      - AUTOCONF_MODE=yes
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-docker:
    image: tecnativa/docker-socket-proxy:nightly
    volumes:
      - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock:ro
    environment:
      - CONTAINERS=1
      - LOG_LEVEL=warning
    networks:
      - bw-docker

  bw-db:
    image: mariadb:10.10
    environment:
      - MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=yes
      - MYSQL_DATABASE=db
      - MYSQL_USER=bunkerweb
      - MYSQL_PASSWORD=changeme # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
    volumes:
      - bw-data:/var/lib/mysql
    networks:
      - bw-docker

  bw-ui:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui:1.5.7
    networks:
      bw-docker:
      bw-universe:
        aliases:
          - bw-ui
    environment:
      - AUTOCONF_MODE=yes
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database

volumes:
  bw-data:

networks:
  bw-universe:
    name: bw-universe
    ipam:
      driver: default
      config:
        - subnet: 10.20.30.0/24
  bw-services:
    name: bw-services
  bw-docker:
    name: bw-docker

If you want to use the setup wizard, you will need to set the UI_HOST setting to the HTTP endpoint of your web UI container. For example, if your web UI container is named bw-ui and is listening on the 7000 port, you will need to set the UI_HOST setting to http://bw-ui:7000.

Accessing the setup wizard

You can access the setup wizard by browsing the http://your-ip-address/setup URI of your server.

Here is the stack boilerplate that you can use (don't forget to edit the changeme data) :

version: "3.5"

services:
  bunkerweb:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb:1.5.7
    ports:
      - published: 80
        target: 8080
        mode: host
        protocol: tcp
      - published: 443
        target: 8443
        mode: host
        protocol: tcp
    environment:
      - SERVER_NAME=
      - SWARM_MODE=yes
      - MULTISITE=yes
      - USE_REDIS=yes
      - REDIS_HOST=bw-redis
      - API_WHITELIST_IP=127.0.0.0/8 10.20.30.0/24
      - UI_HOST=http://bw-ui:7000 # Change it if needed
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-services
    deploy:
      mode: global
      placement:
        constraints:
          - "node.role == worker"
      labels:
        - "bunkerweb.INSTANCE=yes"

  bw-autoconf:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-autoconf:1.5.7
    environment:
      - SWARM_MODE=yes
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-docker:
    image: tecnativa/docker-socket-proxy:nightly
    volumes:
      - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock:ro
    environment:
      - CONFIGS=1
      - CONTAINERS=1
      - SERVICES=1
      - SWARM=1
      - TASKS=1
      - LOG_LEVEL=warning
    networks:
      - bw-docker
    deploy:
      placement:
        constraints:
          - "node.role == manager"

  bw-scheduler:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-scheduler:1.5.7
    environment:
      - SWARM_MODE=yes
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-db:
    image: mariadb:10.10
    environment:
      - MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=yes
      - MYSQL_DATABASE=db
      - MYSQL_USER=bunkerweb
      - MYSQL_PASSWORD=changeme
    volumes:
      - bw-data:/var/lib/mysql
    networks:
      - bw-docker

  bw-redis:
    image: redis:7-alpine
    networks:
      - bw-universe

  bw-ui:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui:1.5.7
    environment:
      - SWARM_MODE=yes
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

volumes:
  bw-data:

networks:
  bw-universe:
    name: bw-universe
    driver: overlay
    attachable: true
    ipam:
      config:
        - subnet: 10.20.30.0/24
  bw-services:
    name: bw-services
    driver: overlay
    attachable: true
  bw-docker:
    name: bw-docker
    driver: overlay
    attachable: true

If you want to use the setup wizard, you will need to set the UI_HOST setting to the HTTP endpoint of your web UI SERVICE. For example, if your web UI service is named svc-bunkerweb-ui and is listening on the 7000 port, you will need to set the UI_HOST setting to http://svc-bunkerweb-ui:7000.

Accessing the setup wizard

You can access the setup wizard by browsing the http://your-ip-address/setup URI of your server.

Here is the yaml boilerplate that you can use (don't forget to edit the changeme data) :

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: cr-bunkerweb
rules:
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["services", "pods", "configmaps", "secrets"]
    verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
  - apiGroups: ["networking.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["ingresses"]
    verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: sa-bunkerweb
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: crb-bunkerweb
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: sa-bunkerweb
    namespace: default
    apiGroup: ""
roleRef:
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cr-bunkerweb
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb
      # mandatory annotation
      annotations:
        bunkerweb.io/INSTANCE: "yes"
    spec:
      containers:
        # using bunkerweb as name is mandatory
        - name: bunkerweb
          image: bunkerity/bunkerweb:1.5.7
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          securityContext:
            runAsUser: 101
            runAsGroup: 101
            allowPrivilegeEscalation: false
            capabilities:
              drop:
                - ALL
          ports:
            - containerPort: 8080
              hostPort: 80
            - containerPort: 8443
              hostPort: 443
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_MODE
              value: "yes"
            # replace with your DNS resolvers
            # e.g. : kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cluster.local
            - name: DNS_RESOLVERS
              value: "coredns.kube-system.svc.cluster.local"
            - name: USE_API
              value: "yes"
            # 10.0.0.0/8 is the cluster internal subnet
            - name: API_WHITELIST_IP
              value: "127.0.0.0/8 10.0.0.0/8"
            - name: SERVER_NAME
              value: ""
            - name: MULTISITE
              value: "yes"
            - name: USE_REDIS
              value: "yes"
            - name: REDIS_HOST
              value: "svc-bunkerweb-redis.default.svc.cluster.local"
            # Change it if needed
            - name: UI_HOST
              value: "http://svc-bunkerweb-ui:7000"
          livenessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
                - /usr/share/bunkerweb/helpers/healthcheck.sh
            initialDelaySeconds: 30
            periodSeconds: 5
            timeoutSeconds: 1
            failureThreshold: 3
          readinessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
                - /usr/share/bunkerweb/helpers/healthcheck.sh
            initialDelaySeconds: 30
            periodSeconds: 1
            timeoutSeconds: 1
            failureThreshold: 3
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb-controller
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb-controller
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb-controller
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: sa-bunkerweb
      containers:
        - name: bunkerweb-controller
          image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-autoconf:1.5.7
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_MODE
              value: "yes"
            - name: "DATABASE_URI"
              value: "mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@svc-bunkerweb-db:3306/db"
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb-scheduler
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb-scheduler
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb-scheduler
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: sa-bunkerweb
      containers:
        - name: bunkerweb-scheduler
          image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-scheduler:1.5.7
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_MODE
              value: "yes"
            - name: "DATABASE_URI"
              value: "mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@svc-bunkerweb-db:3306/db"
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb-redis
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb-redis
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb-redis
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: bunkerweb-redis
          image: redis:7-alpine
          imagePullPolicy: Always
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb-db
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb-db
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb-db
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: bunkerweb-db
          image: mariadb:10.10
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          env:
            - name: MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD
              value: "yes"
            - name: "MYSQL_DATABASE"
              value: "db"
            - name: "MYSQL_USER"
              value: "bunkerweb"
            - name: "MYSQL_PASSWORD"
              value: "changeme"
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: "/var/lib/mysql"
              name: vol-db
      volumes:
        - name: vol-db
          persistentVolumeClaim:
            claimName: pvc-bunkerweb
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb-ui
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb-ui
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb-ui
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: sa-bunkerweb
      containers:
        - name: bunkerweb-ui
          image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui:1.5.7
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_MODE
              value: "YES"
            - name: "DATABASE_URI"
              value: "mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:testor@svc-bunkerweb-db:3306/db"
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-bunkerweb
spec:
  clusterIP: None
  selector:
    app: bunkerweb
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-bunkerweb-db
spec:
  type: ClusterIP
  selector:
    app: bunkerweb-db
  ports:
    - name: sql
      protocol: TCP
      port: 3306
      targetPort: 3306
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-bunkerweb-redis
spec:
  type: ClusterIP
  selector:
    app: bunkerweb-redis
  ports:
    - name: redis
      protocol: TCP
      port: 6379
      targetPort: 6379
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-bunkerweb-ui
spec:
  type: ClusterIP
  selector:
    app: bunkerweb-ui
  ports:
    - name: http
      protocol: TCP
      port: 7000
      targetPort: 7000
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
  name: pvc-bunkerweb
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteOnce
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 5Gi
  volumeName: pv-bunkerweb

If you want to use the setup wizard, you will need to run the following command export UI_WIZARD=1 before installing BunkerWeb as described in integrations section of the documentation (this is an optional step).

Accessing the setup wizard

You can access the setup wizard by browsing the http://your-ip-address/setup URI of your server.

Account management

You can access the account management page by clicking on manage account inside the sidebar menu :

Overview

Account page access from menu

Upgrade to PRO

What is BunkerWeb PRO ?

BunkerWeb PRO is an enhanced version of BunkerWeb open-source. Whether it's enhanced security, an enriched user experience, or technical monitoring, the BunkerWeb PRO version will allow you to fully benefit from BunkerWeb and respond to your professional needs. Do not hesitate to visit the BunkerWeb panel or contact us if you have any question regarding the PRO version.

Once you have your PRO license key from the BunkerWeb panel, you can paste it into the PRO section of the account management page.

PRO upgrade

Upgrade to PRO from the web UI

Upgrade time

The PRO version is downloaded in the background by the scheduler, it may take some time to upgrade.

When your BunkerWeb instance has upgraded to the PRO version, you will see your license expiration date and the maximum number of services you can protect.

PRO upgrade

PRO license information

Username / Password

Lost password/username

In case you forgot your UI credentials, you can reset them from the CLI following the steps described in the troubleshooting section.

You can update your username or password by filling the dedicated forms. For security reason, you need to enter your current password even if you are connected.

Please note that when your username or password is updated, you will be logout from the web UI to log in again.

Overview

Username / Password forms

Two-Factor Authentication

Lost secret key

In case you lost your secret key, you can disable 2FA from the CLI following the steps described in the troubleshooting section.

You can power-up your login security by adding Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) to your account. By doing so, an extra code will be needed in addition to your password.

The web UI uses Time based One Time Password (TOTP) as 2FA implementation : using a secret key, the algorithm will generate one time passwords only valid for a short period of time.

Any TOTP client such as Google Authenticator, Authy, FreeOTP, ... can be used to store the secret key and generate the codes. Please note that once TOTP is enabled, you won't be able to retrieve it from the web UI.

The following steps are needed to enable the TOTP feature from the web UI :

  • Copy the secret key or use the QR code on your authenticator app
  • Enter the current TOTP code in the 2FA input
  • Enter your current password

Secret key refresh

A new secret key is generated each time you visit the page or submit the form. In case something went wrong (e.g. : expired TOTP code), you will need to copy the new secret key to your authenticator app until 2FA is successfully enabled.

Once enabled, 2FA authentication can be disabled at the same place.

Overview

TOTP enable / disable forms

After a successful login/password combination, you will be prompted to enter your TOTP code :

Overview

Additional TOTP page

Advanced installation

The web UI can be deployed using a dedicated container which is available on Docker Hub :

docker pull bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui

Alternatively, you can also build it yourself :

git clone https://github.com/bunkerity/bunkerweb.git && \
cd bunkerweb && \
docker build -t my-bunkerweb-ui -f src/ui/Dockerfile .

The following environment variables are used to configure the web UI container :

  • ADMIN_USERNAME : username to access the web UI
  • ADMIN_PASSWORD : password to access the web UI

Accessing the web UI through BunkerWeb is a classical reverse proxy setup. We recommend you to connect BunkerWeb and web UI using a dedicated network (like bw-universe also used by the scheduler) so it won't be on the same network of your web services for obvious security reasons. Please note that the web UI container is listening on the 7000 port.

Database backend

If you want another Database backend than MariaDB please refer to the docker-compose files in the misc/integrations folder of the repository.

Here is the docker-compose boilerplate that you can use (don't forget to edit the changeme data) :

version: "3.5"

services:
  bunkerweb:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb:1.5.7
    ports:
      - 80:8080
      - 443:8443
    labels:
      - "bunkerweb.INSTANCE=yes"
    environment:
      - SERVER_NAME=www.example.com
      - MULTISITE=yes
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
      - API_WHITELIST_IP=127.0.0.0/8 10.20.30.0/24
      - DISABLE_DEFAULT_SERVER=yes
      - USE_CLIENT_CACHE=yes
      - USE_GZIP=yes
      - www.example.com_USE_UI=yes
      - www.example.com_USE_REVERSE_PROXY=yes
      - www.example.com_REVERSE_PROXY_URL=/changeme
      - www.example.com_REVERSE_PROXY_HOST=http://bw-ui:7000
      - www.example.com_INTERCEPTED_ERROR_CODES=400 404 405 413 429 500 501 502 503 504
      - www.example.com_MAX_CLIENT_SIZE=50m
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-services

  bw-scheduler:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-scheduler:1.5.7
    depends_on:
      - bunkerweb
      - bw-docker
    environment:
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-docker:
    image: tecnativa/docker-socket-proxy:nightly
    volumes:
      - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock:ro
    environment:
      - CONTAINERS=1
      - LOG_LEVEL=warning
    networks:
      - bw-docker

  bw-ui:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui:1.5.7
    depends_on:
      - bw-docker
    environment:
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - ADMIN_USERNAME=changeme
      - ADMIN_PASSWORD=changeme # Remember to set a stronger password for the changeme user
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-db:
    image: mariadb:10.10
    environment:
      - MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=yes
      - MYSQL_DATABASE=db
      - MYSQL_USER=bunkerweb
      - MYSQL_PASSWORD=changeme # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
    volumes:
      - bw-data:/var/lib/mysql
    networks:
      - bw-docker

volumes:
  bw-data:

networks:
  bw-universe:
    name: bw-universe
    ipam:
      driver: default
      config:
        - subnet: 10.20.30.0/24
  bw-services:
    name: bw-services
  bw-docker:
    name: bw-docker

The web UI can be deployed using a dedicated container which is available on Docker Hub :

docker pull bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui

Alternatively, you can also build it yourself :

git clone https://github.com/bunkerity/bunkerweb.git && \
cd bunkerweb && \
docker build -t my-bunkerweb-ui -f src/ui/Dockerfile .

The following environment variables are used to configure the web UI container :

  • ADMIN_USERNAME : username to access the web UI
  • ADMIN_PASSWORD : password to access the web UI

Accessing the web UI through BunkerWeb is a classical reverse proxy setup. We recommend you to connect BunkerWeb and web UI using a dedicated network (like bw-universe also used by the scheduler and autoconf) so it won't be on the same network of your web services for obvious security reasons. Please note that the web UI container is listening on the 7000 port.

Database backend

If you want another Database backend than MariaDB please refer to the docker-compose files in the misc/integrations folder of the repository.

Here is the docker-compose boilerplate that you can use (don't forget to edit the changeme data) :

version: "3.5"

services:
  bunkerweb:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb:1.5.7
    ports:
      - 80:8080
      - 443:8443
    labels:
      - "bunkerweb.INSTANCE=yes"
    environment:
      - SERVER_NAME=
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db
      - AUTOCONF_MODE=yes
      - MULTISITE=yes
      - API_WHITELIST_IP=127.0.0.0/8 10.20.30.0/24
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-services

  bw-autoconf:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-autoconf:1.5.7
    depends_on:
      - bunkerweb
      - bw-docker
    environment:
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db
      - AUTOCONF_MODE=yes
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-scheduler:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-scheduler:1.5.7
    depends_on:
      - bunkerweb
      - bw-docker
    environment:
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - AUTOCONF_MODE=yes
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-docker:
    image: tecnativa/docker-socket-proxy:nightly
    volumes:
      - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock:ro
    environment:
      - CONTAINERS=1
      - LOG_LEVEL=warning
    networks:
      - bw-docker

  bw-db:
    image: mariadb:10.10
    environment:
      - MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=yes
      - MYSQL_DATABASE=db
      - MYSQL_USER=bunkerweb
      - MYSQL_PASSWORD=changeme
    volumes:
      - bw-data:/var/lib/mysql
    networks:
      - bw-docker

  bw-ui:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui:1.5.7
    networks:
      bw-docker:
      bw-universe:
        aliases:
          - bw-ui
    environment:
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - AUTOCONF_MODE=yes
      - ADMIN_USERNAME=admin
      - ADMIN_PASSWORD=changeme
    labels:
      - "bunkerweb.SERVER_NAME=www.example.com"
      - "bunkerweb.USE_UI=yes"
      - "bunkerweb.USE_REVERSE_PROXY=yes"
      - "bunkerweb.REVERSE_PROXY_URL=/changeme"
      - "bunkerweb.REVERSE_PROXY_HOST=http://bw-ui:7000"
      - "bunkerweb.INTERCEPTED_ERROR_CODES=400 404 405 413 429 500 501 502 503 504"
      - "bunkerweb.MAX_CLIENT_SIZE=50m"
volumes:
  bw-data:

networks:
  bw-universe:
    name: bw-universe
    ipam:
      driver: default
      config:
        - subnet: 10.20.30.0/24
  bw-services:
    name: bw-services
  bw-docker:
    name: bw-docker

The web UI can be deployed using a dedicated container which is available on Docker Hub :

docker pull bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui

Alternatively, you can also build it yourself :

git clone https://github.com/bunkerity/bunkerweb.git && \
cd bunkerweb && \
docker build -t my-bunkerweb-ui -f src/ui/Dockerfile .

The following environment variables are used to configure the web UI container :

  • ADMIN_USERNAME : username to access the web UI
  • ADMIN_PASSWORD : password to access the web UI

Accessing the web UI through BunkerWeb is a classical reverse proxy setup. We recommend you to connect BunkerWeb and web UI using a dedicated network (like bw-universe also used by the scheduler and autoconf) so it won't be on the same network of your web services for obvious security reasons. Please note that the web UI container is listening on the 7000 port.

Database backend

If you want another Database backend than MariaDB please refer to the stack files in the misc/integrations folder of the repository.

Here is the stack boilerplate that you can use (don't forget to edit the changeme data) :

version: "3.5"

services:
  bunkerweb:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb:1.5.7
    ports:
      - published: 80
        target: 8080
        mode: host
        protocol: tcp
      - published: 443
        target: 8443
        mode: host
        protocol: tcp
    environment:
      - SERVER_NAME=
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db
      - SWARM_MODE=yes
      - MULTISITE=yes
      - USE_REDIS=yes
      - REDIS_HOST=bw-redis
      - API_WHITELIST_IP=127.0.0.0/8 10.20.30.0/24
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-services
    deploy:
      mode: global
      placement:
        constraints:
          - "node.role == worker"
      labels:
        - "bunkerweb.INSTANCE=yes"

  bw-autoconf:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-autoconf:1.5.7
    environment:
      - SWARM_MODE=yes
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-docker:
    image: tecnativa/docker-socket-proxy:nightly
    volumes:
      - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock:ro
    environment:
      - CONFIGS=1
      - CONTAINERS=1
      - SERVICES=1
      - SWARM=1
      - TASKS=1
      - LOG_LEVEL=warning
    networks:
      - bw-docker
    deploy:
      placement:
        constraints:
          - "node.role == manager"

  bw-scheduler:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-scheduler:1.5.7
    environment:
      - SWARM_MODE=yes
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker

  bw-db:
    image: mariadb:10.10
    environment:
      - MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=yes
      - MYSQL_DATABASE=db
      - MYSQL_USER=bunkerweb
      - MYSQL_PASSWORD=changeme
    volumes:
      - bw-data:/var/lib/mysql
    networks:
      - bw-docker

  bw-redis:
    image: redis:7-alpine
    networks:
      - bw-universe

  bw-ui:
    image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui:1.5.7
    environment:
      - DATABASE_URI=mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@bw-db:3306/db # Remember to set a stronger password for the database
      - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://bw-docker:2375
      - SWARM_MODE=yes
      - ADMIN_USERNAME=changeme
      - ADMIN_PASSWORD=changeme # Remember to set a stronger password for the changeme user
    networks:
      - bw-universe
      - bw-docker
    deploy:
      labels:
        - "bunkerweb.SERVER_NAME=www.example.com"
        - "bunkerweb.USE_UI=yes"
        - "bunkerweb.USE_REVERSE_PROXY=yes"
        - "bunkerweb.REVERSE_PROXY_URL=/changeme"
        - "bunkerweb.REVERSE_PROXY_HOST=http://bw-ui:7000"
        - "bunkerweb.REVERSE_PROXY_INTERCEPT_ERRORS=no"
        - "bunkerweb.INTERCEPTED_ERROR_CODES=400 404 405 413 429 500 501 502 503 504"
        - "bunkerweb.MAX_CLIENT_SIZE=50m"
volumes:
  bw-data:

networks:
  bw-universe:
    name: bw-universe
    driver: overlay
    attachable: true
    ipam:
      config:
        - subnet: 10.20.30.0/24
  bw-services:
    name: bw-services
    driver: overlay
    attachable: true
  bw-docker:
    name: bw-docker
    driver: overlay
    attachable: true

The web UI can be deployed using a dedicated container which is available on Docker Hub as a standard Deployment.

The following environment variables are used to configure the web UI container :

  • ADMIN_USERNAME : username to access the web UI
  • ADMIN_PASSWORD : password to access the web UI

Accessing the web UI through BunkerWeb is a classical reverse proxy setup. Network segmentation between web UI and web services is not covered in this documentation. Please note that the web UI container is listening on the 7000 port.

Database backend

If you want another Database backend than MariaDB please refer to the yaml files in the misc/integrations folder of the repository.

Here is the yaml boilerplate that you can use (don't forget to edit the changeme data) :

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: cr-bunkerweb
rules:
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["services", "pods", "configmaps", "secrets"]
    verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
  - apiGroups: ["networking.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["ingresses"]
    verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: sa-bunkerweb
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: crb-bunkerweb
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: sa-bunkerweb
    namespace: default
    apiGroup: ""
roleRef:
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cr-bunkerweb
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb
      # mandatory annotation
      annotations:
        bunkerweb.io/INSTANCE: "yes"
    spec:
      containers:
        # using bunkerweb as name is mandatory
        - name: bunkerweb
          image: bunkerity/bunkerweb:1.5.7
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          securityContext:
            runAsUser: 101
            runAsGroup: 101
            allowPrivilegeEscalation: false
            capabilities:
              drop:
                - ALL
          ports:
            - containerPort: 8080
              hostPort: 80
            - containerPort: 8443
              hostPort: 443
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_MODE
              value: "yes"
            # replace with your DNS resolvers
            # e.g. : kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cluster.local
            - name: DNS_RESOLVERS
              value: "coredns.kube-system.svc.cluster.local"
            - name: USE_API
              value: "yes"
            # 10.0.0.0/8 is the cluster internal subnet
            - name: API_WHITELIST_IP
              value: "127.0.0.0/8 10.0.0.0/8"
            - name: SERVER_NAME
              value: ""
            - name: MULTISITE
              value: "yes"
            - name: USE_REDIS
              value: "yes"
            - name: REDIS_HOST
              value: "svc-bunkerweb-redis.default.svc.cluster.local"
          livenessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
                - /usr/share/bunkerweb/helpers/healthcheck.sh
            initialDelaySeconds: 30
            periodSeconds: 5
            timeoutSeconds: 1
            failureThreshold: 3
          readinessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
                - /usr/share/bunkerweb/helpers/healthcheck.sh
            initialDelaySeconds: 30
            periodSeconds: 1
            timeoutSeconds: 1
            failureThreshold: 3
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb-controller
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb-controller
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb-controller
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: sa-bunkerweb
      containers:
        - name: bunkerweb-controller
          image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-autoconf:1.5.7
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_MODE
              value: "yes"
            - name: "DATABASE_URI"
              value: "mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@svc-bunkerweb-db:3306/db"
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb-scheduler
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb-scheduler
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb-scheduler
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: sa-bunkerweb
      containers:
        - name: bunkerweb-scheduler
          image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-scheduler:1.5.7
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_MODE
              value: "yes"
            - name: "DATABASE_URI"
              value: "mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:changeme@svc-bunkerweb-db:3306/db"
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb-redis
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb-redis
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb-redis
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: bunkerweb-redis
          image: redis:7-alpine
          imagePullPolicy: Always
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb-db
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb-db
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb-db
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: bunkerweb-db
          image: mariadb:10.10
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          env:
            - name: MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD
              value: "yes"
            - name: "MYSQL_DATABASE"
              value: "db"
            - name: "MYSQL_USER"
              value: "bunkerweb"
            - name: "MYSQL_PASSWORD"
              value: "changeme"
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: "/var/lib/mysql"
              name: vol-db
      volumes:
        - name: vol-db
          persistentVolumeClaim:
            claimName: pvc-bunkerweb
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bunkerweb-ui
spec:
  replicas: 1
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bunkerweb-ui
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bunkerweb-ui
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: sa-bunkerweb
      containers:
        - name: bunkerweb-ui
          image: bunkerity/bunkerweb-ui:1.5.7
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          env:
            - name: ADMIN_USERNAME
              value: "changeme"
            - name: "ADMIN_PASSWORD"
              value: "changeme"
            - name: KUBERNETES_MODE
              value: "YES"
            - name: "DATABASE_URI"
              value: "mariadb+pymysql://bunkerweb:testor@svc-bunkerweb-db:3306/db"
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-bunkerweb
spec:
  clusterIP: None
  selector:
    app: bunkerweb
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-bunkerweb-db
spec:
  type: ClusterIP
  selector:
    app: bunkerweb-db
  ports:
    - name: sql
      protocol: TCP
      port: 3306
      targetPort: 3306
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-bunkerweb-redis
spec:
  type: ClusterIP
  selector:
    app: bunkerweb-redis
  ports:
    - name: redis
      protocol: TCP
      port: 6379
      targetPort: 6379
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-bunkerweb-ui
spec:
  type: ClusterIP
  selector:
    app: bunkerweb-ui
  ports:
    - name: http
      protocol: TCP
      port: 7000
      targetPort: 7000
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
  name: pvc-bunkerweb
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteOnce
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 5Gi
  volumeName: pv-bunkerweb
---
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: ingress
  annotations:
    bunkerweb.io/www.example.com_USE_UI: "yes"
    bunkerweb.io/www.example.com_INTERCEPTED_ERROR_CODES: '400 404 405 413 429 500 501 502 503 504'
    bunkerweb.io/www.example.com_MAX_CLIENT_SIZE: '50m'
spec:
  rules:
    - host: www.example.com
      http:
        paths:
          - path: /changeme
            pathType: Prefix
            backend:
              service:
                name: svc-bunkerweb-ui
                port:
                  number: 7000

The installation of the web UI using the Linux integration is pretty straightforward because it is installed with BunkerWeb.

The web UI comes as systemd service named bunkerweb-ui which is not enabled by default. If you want to start the web UI when on startup you can run the following command :

systemctl enable bunkerweb-ui

A dedicated environment file located at /etc/bunkerweb/ui.env is used to configure the web UI :

ADMIN_USERNAME=changeme
ADMIN_PASSWORD=changeme

Each time you edit the /etc/bunkerweb/ui.env file, you will need to restart the service :

systemctl restart bunkerweb-ui

Accessing the web UI through BunkerWeb is a classical reverse proxy setup. Please note that the web UI is listening on the 7000 port and only on the loopback interface.

Here is the /etc/bunkerweb/variables.env boilerplate you can use :

HTTP_PORT=80
HTTPS_PORT=443
DNS_RESOLVERS=9.9.9.9 8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4
API_LISTEN_IP=127.0.0.1
SERVER_NAME=www.example.com
MULTISITE=yes
www.example.com_USE_UI=yes
www.example.com_USE_REVERSE_PROXY=yes
www.example.com_REVERSE_PROXY_URL=/changeme
www.example.com_REVERSE_PROXY_HOST=http://127.0.0.1:7000
www.example.com_INTERCEPTED_ERROR_CODES=400 404 405 413 429 500 501 502 503 504
www.example.com_MAX_CLIENT_SIZE=50m

Don't forget to reload the bunkerweb service :

systemctl reload bunkerweb